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Exploring Delta 8 THC in Indianapolis

With the popularity of Delta 8 surging, more and more people are looking to discover what these THC products can do for them. While scientists continue to explore the Delta 8 compound, more products are making it to the shelves of Indianapolis all the time. You’ve most likely heard about Delta 8, but let’s take a deeper look, exploring what Delta 8 is and where you can find it in Indianapolis.     

Different glass bottles with CBD OIL, THC tincture and cannabis leaves on yellow background.

What is Delta 8 THC?

Delta 8 THC is a natural compound short for delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol. It’s a cannabinoid found in hemp and cannabis plants. There are hundreds of chemical compounds found in the plant, but less than 100 are considered cannabinoids. Cannabinoids interact with the cannabinoid receptors that are located on the surface of our cells. 

Delta 8 THC is primarily derived from hemp plants, so it is less potent than other extracts from cannabis plants. Hemp plants overall contain less THC than other plants within the same family.   

What Are the Effects of Delta 8?

Cannabinoid receptors are found in certain parts of our central nervous system, mainly the receptors known as CB1 and CB2. The effects of cannabinoids on the body depend on the part of the brain that is affected. 

For example, if the limbic system, the part of the brain responsible for emotional and behavioral responses, is affected, then memory, cognition, and bodily function may feel an altered experience. However, if the mesolimbic pathway, which is the pathway that dopamine travels through, is affected, then pleasure and pain responses feel the desired experience.

THC is known to offer effects of happiness, relaxation, and pain relief, among other things. Delta 8, while still requiring a good amount of research, provides these same effects but in a milder form. The Delta 8 THC is less potent than other THC extracts, which is not a bad thing.  

Those who are looking for a milder feeling of that euphoria will enjoy Delta 8 the most. A few effects that come with the use of Delta 8 THC, according to studies, include:

  • Calms mental activity and a rapid heart rate, resulting in an easier time falling asleep. 
  • Soothes pain and inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Regulates certain hormones such as serotonin and dopamine, which can help with your overall mood and hormone balance.
  • Stimulates your appetite.
  • Adjusts and eases feelings of nausea. 
  • Possible protection from long-term cognitive damage due to low oxygen levels in your blood, a medical condition known as hypoxia.

While these are the typical effects of Delta 8, people can feel different ways. In addition, those with a higher tolerance will feel fewer effects than those with a low tolerance. Other products, like edibles, vapes or oils, also affect the body in different ways. Delta 8 THC drops in your food could provide a different feeling than smoking a vape cartridge.    

Delta 8 THC vs. Delta 9 THC

Delta 8’s popularity has continued to grow recently due to its similarity to Delta 9 THC. Both Deltas 8 and 9 are forms of THC; however, Delta 9 is the most prominent psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. When THC is referred to, people usually mean Delta 9. 

These compounds are similar in chemical structure due to them both having double bonds. However, they differ in the placement of this double bond. The double bonds in Delta 8 are found higher on the chain of carbon atoms within the compounds, whereas the bond is located lower in the chain for Delta 9 compounds. 

Due to this, the compounds bind to the endocannabinoid system within the body in different ways. This is thought to be why Delta 9’s effects are more potent than those of Delta 8.   

Is Delta 8 Legal?

Most products that contain Delta 8 are comprised of the compound derived from CBD hemp, making it primarily legal. Based on the 2018 Farm Bill‘s definition of hemp, the state of Indiana has created a legal distinction in their Controlled Substance Act between cannabis products and hemp products; therefore, Delta 8 products are legal. 

The Farm Bill declares that anything with a concentration of Delta 9 that is less than 0.3% is legal in the eyes of federal law. Due to products that contain Delta 8 not containing any Delta 9, these Delta 8 products are federally legal. 

Where Can You Safely Find Delta 8 in Indianapolis?

The Delta 8 THC compound goes through different purification processes to make the Delta 8 products found on the market today, including tinctures, vape cartridges, and chocolate and gummy edibles. These products can be found at several different places, including gas stations and CBD shops.  

Indy CBD Plus, located in Indianapolis, has a wide variety of Delta 8 THC products. We offer products such as buttercream caramels and Delta 8 infused peanut butter nuggets, and a wide range of gummy products, such as the watermelon gummies by 3 Chi. 

The one factor that could make Delta 8 unsafe is the plant being grown and coming to the market untested and through unlicensed manufacturers. That’s why it’s so important to purchase your products through a legitimate manufacturer and market. That’s why we place such a high importance on curating the most trustworthy products at Indy CBD Plus.    

Dosage of Delta 8

Some people may feel like they need to intake more Delta 8 products because their effects are milder than other THC products. However, the dosage you take should not exceed the amount that the product tells you. Delta 8 products are usually infused with a higher level of the compound than Delta 9 products. 

All products will tell the amount of Delta 8 THC within the product in the measurement of milligrams. For example, the Delta 8 Gummies by Remedy is labeled with the number of gummies in the jar and the milligram amount of Delta 8 in each gummy. Each gummy has 50mg per gummy. 

Due to the interaction between your body and the chemical composition of each Delta 8 compound, each person may experience the effects in different capacities. Your tolerance level and the dosage you take will also influence your experience. We at Indy CBD Plus recommend starting with a smaller dosage to determine how your body reacts before taking more.  

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Can You Use CBD Oil for Hypertension and High Blood Pressure?

You may have started seeing a ton of CBD products in a lot of stores you walk into, outside of speciality shops like ours. Its popularity has continued to increase in recent years. Today, many people believe CBD can be used as a natural medication for symptoms in the body. There is continuous research regarding what CBD can be used for, and we continue to learn new things every day.  

Above view closeup of doctor measuring blood pressure using tonometer in office

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, generally referred to as CBD, is a non-psychoactive drug derived from hemp plants. There are two components to the hemp plant: cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol (which is commonly referred to as THC). THC is the part of the plant that can give you the “high” effect. Cannabidiol, being non-psychoactive, does not give any feelings of euphoria.

Cannabidiol has become an herbal remedy that people use due to its purported anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, anticancer, and neuroprotective properties. The body contains the endocannabinoid system, which regulates sleep, appetite, pain, and the immune system. This has led people to using CBD to treat sleeplessness, pain, and other issues. 

The endocannabinoid system within our bodies produces endocannabinoids, which are neurotransmitters. Cannabidiol impacts endocannabinoid receptor activity, which leads to inflammation reduction and interaction with neurotransmitters.     

How does Cannabidiol affect cardiovascular disease?

Cannabidiol has been known to aid people with multiple sclerosis and epilepsy, having become an FDA-approved treatment for epilepsy in 2018. However, preclinical studies have led to the belief that it has cardiovascular benefits as well. 

Hypertension, high blood pressure, is when someone’s blood is adding pressure to the artery walls for a consistent period. High blood pressure could be caused by many different things, such as stress, and can be temporary in some people. However, if it is a long-term issue, then it is diagnosed as hypertension. If left untreated, hypertension can lead to problems such as heart disease. 

Like any scientific discovery, there is skepticism surrounding whether cannabidiol is a solid natural remedy for specific issues in the body, mainly those related to the cardiovascular system. 

The Journal of Hypertension administered a study that tested the effects of cannabidiol in human pulmonary and rats small mesenteric arteries. The results of this study showed a near full vasorelaxation, which means vascular tension reduced significantly. 

The method included testing isolated human pulmonary arteries (hPAs) that were accessed during resection of lung carcinoma and rat small mesenteric arteries (sMAs) in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

The study found that cannabidiol did induce relaxation in hypertensive obese and hypercholesteremic patients. However, it was largely endothelium-dependent and most effective when mediated through specific receptors within the human body. Cannabidiol was also sensitive to particular receptors in the subjects and was dependent on the hypertensive model.      

Another study published by The American Society for Clinical Investigation investigated whether cannabidiol reduces blood pressure in humans or not. A group of volunteering men were randomly given 600mg of CBD, or a placebo. Then they were monitored and observed to see if it affected their cardiovascular systems. 

This study took into consideration the response to stress in addition to heart rate and blood pressure. The conductors used a cold stress test, an exercise stress test, and a mental stress test.  

This study concluded that resting blood pressure was reduced when an acute amount of cannabidiol was administered. The CBD continued to lower blood pressure even when the heart rate increased, and stress was added to the situation. However, medical professionals who conducted this study made it clear that more research is necessary to determine if cannabidiol can be used to treat cardiovascular disorders. 

Both of these studies suggest that CBD does help patients that suffer from hypertension and high blood pressure. 

What effect does CBD have on other medications? 

If someone is diagnosed with hypertension or high blood pressure, they have usually prescribed medication to manage it. Some common medications are Amlodipine, Benazepril, and Chlorthalidone. There are different classes on medications used as a guideline for when a doctor is prescribing one to a hypertensive patient.

You’ve heard of drugs interacting with other medications in negative, and sometimes positive, ways. Seeing as cannabidiol is a similar remedy, could negative interactions possibly be something someone needs to worry about when using CBD? 

Project CBD found that cannabidiol can potentially interact with other medications by inhibiting cytochrome P450 activity. Cytochrome P450 is a family of liver enzymes that metabolizes a majority of drugs that we use. CBD can deactivate cytochrome P450 enzymes at a specific dosage, for a short period, which inhibits us from metabolizing certain compounds. In addition, these enzymes could potentially deactivate cannabidiol as well. 

Amlodipine is metabolized in the liver through the cytochrome P4503A4, an enzyme within the cytochrome P450 family of enzymes. This means that Amlodipine, a commonly used hypertension medication, and CBD would essentially cancel each other out. Odds are a patient is only taking one or the other, but if you’re taking medications for another long-term condition, you may run into the same problem with those drugs. 

What CBD products are on the market right now? 

The FDA has approved only one CBD product, which is a remedy that can be prescribed to treat seizures associated with Lennox Gastaut syndrome, Dravet syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis complex. According to the FDA, products that are advertised as dietary supplements are currently illegal. The FDA also warns that some CBD products are marketed with little or unproven claims about the benefits—which is why we take special care of our stock here at Indy CBD Plus.

While there are plenty of cannabidiol products on the market right now, they aren’t yet approved by the FDA. There are also no CBD products that are specifically geared toward remedying hypertension. Products only claim that they can be used for hypertension, in addition to its other benefits. You can find both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum products. Full-spectrum products contain a more significant percentage of THC, whereas broad-spectrum has little to no percentage of THC.

Some products available include cannabidiol oil, gummies, soft gel pills, tincture, and capsules. We recommend CBDaily. Different products contain a different number of milligrams of CBD, and serving sizes vary from product to product. Most products promote better sleep, management of stress levels, and inflammation reduction. All of these therapeutic benefits then influence a patient’s hypertension.

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Helpful Information For Treating Cats And Dogs With CBD Products

Whether it’s your feline or canine friend, you may have noticed that they can sometimes become overwhelmed with anxiety, or maybe they’re experiencing pain from an injury. According to experts in the veterinary industry, CBD can help your pet deal with anxiousness, pain and even aid in appetite loss. Natural healthcare has had an increase in demand over the past years, and we at Indy CBD Plus want to help you with information along your journey.  

What is CBD Oil?

husky mix and small kitten look out a window

Cannabidiol, mainly referred to as CBD, was legalized for human consumption in the US in 2018. The Farm Act removing CBD from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) schedule 1 category meant that it was no longer considered a controlled substance. It’s a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and is part of the endocannabinoid system, which can be found in humans and some animals. 

Human beings have an endocannabinoid system, which means we have cannabinoid receptors. Veterinarians believe that dogs have a similar system that enables them to receive some of the same benefits from CBD as us. 

CBD oils contain high levels of CBD, which enables them to be used for therapeutic purposes. Different CBD products can aid pets, and it’s said to improve quality of life. However, most experts agree that CBD cannot cure any ailments, but can still provide some health benefits. 

What CBD Products exist on the market?

There are various products on the market today, and the market continues to advance every day. Some products to choose from include topicals, concentrates, vaporizers, capsules, soft chews, treats, and many more. According to DVM, the most common form among pet owners is as a liquid, i.e., CBD oil or tincture. 

When searching for the right product for your furry friend, be sure to check the Certificate of Analysis (COA). This analysis provides test results that include the amount of THC in the product. For products that will be given to a pet, avoid any that have a THC level higher than 0. The COA also tests for microbial, heavy metals, and pesticides. Organic products will usually be the best. 

It’s essential to try and find high-quality CBD products to gain the most benefits from the oil for your pet. Not every product is the same, and some will be of better quality than others. 

What do Veterinarians Suggest CBD for?

Veterinarians suggest CBD for therapeutic purposes in pets, such as dogs and cats. This can help treat anxiety, seizures, and pain. Research has found that it has anti-inflammatory properties, which is why it can relieve pain from an injury or even cancer. Other scientific studies have been conclusive in saying that CBD can help control epilepsy in dogs. 

Pets with anxiety can have significant behavioral issues. They can start barking at you, chewing on anything they can get their teeth on, or even bite you or someone else. Like how CBD can help relieve anxiety in humans, it can do the same for your pet. 

Risks vs. Benefits

Due to CBD being a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, you don’t have to worry about your pet feeling the “high” effect. However, your pet can still be at risk when using CBD products. There are a few side effects that can show through your pet’s use. 

Research has shown that dogs can sometimes experience dry mouth due to CBD decreasing the production of saliva. This could cause your dog to become dehydrated. High doses have also been determined sometimes to cause a drop in blood pressure. The decline is generally temporary, and minor, but can still be felt by your pup. Diarrhea has also been a prominent effect when giving CBD to pets. 

In cats, specifically, there have been studies that suggest the risk of gastrointestinal upset and possible sedation. While CBD can aid in anxiety and sometimes have some drowsy effects in dogs, it teeters more towards sedation in cats. If this occurs when giving your cat CBD, it’s best to stop using any CBD products. 

Without dosage charts, pet-owners may guess a dosage or may blindly follow what the product says. While the product’s dosage suggestions could be safe, they could also not be as accurate as they should be. Toxicity is a significant risk, which is why we’re extremely careful to only stock reputable products at Indy CBD Plus.

How to arm yourself with the right information

Dr. Liza Guess from Ohio State University Department of Veterinary Medicine claims that while CBD can be helpful, THC can be highly toxic for pets. Due to the high toxicity, you should never give your pet THC products. This can be an issue when searching for a CBD product at stores more concerned about sales and trends, rather than actual care for their customers, because some can contain low levels of THC. 

It’s better to go for broad-spectrum CBD, compared to full-spectrum (though we have recommendations for both). If the product has additional natural terpenes and cannabinoids, there are more benefits for your furry friend. We’ve found that pet CBD products and human CBD products are virtually the same, the difference to be aware of is added flavorings. Many pet products are labeled differently than human products in order to mark up the price.

A major risk that you and your pet could be subject to is from hemp oil. Some products will be labeled hemp oil, but it’s essential to know that hemp oil is not the same as CBD oil. Products that are labeled hemp oil usually have little to no CBD in them. Without the CBD element, the product is not therapeutic for pets.  

Therefore, it’s always good to speak with your veterinarian before administering any CBD products to your pet. While the veterinarian may not exactly prescribe CBD, or may not legally be allowed to discuss the option, depending on what state you’re in, they will at least be able to point you in the right direction. 

Is CBD Legal?

As mentioned previously, CBD is legal in the US. However, the FDA does not regulate any CBD products that are on the market and being sold. This means that there are essentially no regulations for what is being put on the market. 

In some states, your veterinarian may not be legally allowed to suggest CBD as a course of treatment. Regardless, without a robust number of studies for certain animals, veterinarians may be hesitant to suggest CBD products at all. 

What does the Future Look Like?

With more and more pet-owners and people in general becoming interested in CBD and natural remedies for ailments, there will likely continue to advance. There is a lot of potential for future products, including tumor injections, safe sedation, and use for more internal diseases. 

The California State Legislature has a bill being discussed about the use of medical cannabis for animals and the ability for a vet to prescribe and administer these sorts of products to animals. The conversation is ongoing, and more and more states will likely join the conversation in the future.     

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How Much Does CBD Oil Help Anxiety?

The market for cannabidiol (CBD) products derived from the hemp variant of the Cannabis sativa plant in the United States continues to grow rapidly as more and more people discover the benefits of CBD for a variety of health and wellbeing challenges, including pain, insomnia, and anxiety. Considering that anxiety in and of itself is an issue facing an ever-growing number of people (in part because of the added stress from the global pandemic), many are naturally asking the question, does CBD oil help anxiety? In this article we’ll call attention to what we know about answering this question. 

Understanding CBD: The Big Picture

Cannabidiol (CBD) is just one cannabinoid of about 65 found in the Cannabis sativa plant. The primary psychoactive compound, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), is just one compound of hundreds found in the plant. When present in high enough levels, THC is what produces the intoxicating “high” effect people experience using marijuana. Hemp or industrial hemp is a variant of the Cannabis sativa plant that typically has low levels of THC and higher levels of CBD, and this effectively reduces or eliminates its psychoactive effects. In other words, you don’t get “high” using CBD products. 

While industrial hemp was made legal in the 2018 Farm Bill and in the state of Indiana made both hemp and CBD oil legal that same year, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has yet to enact regulations for the CBD market to ensure consumers are protected from poor-quality products or inaccurate marketing claims. The FDA has only approved one drug containing CBD called Epidiolex used to treat seizures caused by very particular medical conditions. 

The United States of Anxiety: A Growing Problem

Anxiety is a very general kind of word, so it’s useful to better understand what the differences are between stress, anxiety, and full-blown anxiety disorders.

Stress: Everyone feels some amount of stress at various points in their lives. Stress is usually caused by external factors, such as a tight deadline, a fight with someone you care about, and so on. Stress can be a short one-time incident or a longer-term experience, such as discrimination or a chronic illness. When you’re under stress, it can result in irritability, anger, fatigue, muscle pain, digestive troubles, and poor sleep quality. If the stress is prolonged or comes about as the result of an especially traumatic experience (a bad accident, being the victim of a crime, serving in the military in a war, and so on), it can result in an anxiety disorder.

Anxiety: Unlike stress, anxiety involves constant worries that don’t go away even when there isn’t a stressor present. The resulting symptom list is pretty much the same as stress symptoms, including trouble sleeping, difficulty concentrating, fatigue, tense muscles, and irritability.

Mild cases of both stress and anxiety are often very responsive to self-treatment coping mechanisms such as physical exercise, healthy eating, and getting better sleep through a variety of techniques. 

Anxiety Disorder: This level of anxiety would be diagnosed by a professional psychologist or psychiatrist. It can persist for months and even years and may make life very difficult. Anxiety disorders include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and any number of phobia disorders. Anxiety disorders are the most common form of mental illness in the United States, affecting more than 40 million or 18% of adults, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA).

Anxiety disorders are also highly treatable, although a surprising percentage of people struggle along without treatment of any kind. It should also be noted that although anxiety and depression often go hand-in-hand, clinical depression is a different kind of mental health illness. One pathway for treatment would be with medication. Any medication that helps reduce anxiety is described as having an anxiolytic effect. The big question on people’s minds is whether CBD offers a true anxiolytic effect. 

CBD Oils: Anecdotal Evidence and Scientific Studies on Anxiety

Whether it’s used for stress, anxiety, or anxiety disorders, there is widespread anecdotal evidence that millions of people are experiencing reductions in stress and anxiety through the use of CBD oils. It seems unlikely they would all be wrong, but until a more substantial body of scientific evidence is assembled through well-designed research studies, the anecdotal evidence is all we really have. 

The scientific study of CBD products as a treatment for stress and anxiety has been few and far between, but more are on the way as CBD continues to grow in popularity. Hopefully, science will catch up to confirm the positive benefits so many people have already experienced. Here are a few scientific studies we find encouraging:

Animal Studies: There have been a number of studies on CBD’s anxiolytic effects in rats. These studies are highly technical, but generally confirm CBD does exhibit anxiolytic properties. Here are links to their abstracts:

How about studies on humans? Those are even fewer, but there have been some. One double-blind randomized design study of 24 people with generalized social anxiety disorder found that one 600 mg dose of CBD reduced performance anxiety and cognitive impairment in speech performance. Even better was an extensive 2015 literature review that revealed evidence of CBD for social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. More recently, a 2019 study showed lower anxiety scores using CBD over a month in 72 patients with anxiety and sleep concerns. Finally, in Washington, the use of Strainprint for tracking symptom changes in medical cannabis users in a large group of participants shows that cannabis with high CBD/low THC reduced anxiety by 58%

Indy CBD: Your Trusted Source of High-Quality, Safe Products

While we wait for the science to catch up with and confirm the benefits so many have experienced with CBD, we invite you to try any of the safe, quality products we offer at Indy CBD. If you face challenges with inflammation, chronic pain, trouble sleeping (insomnia), stress, anxiety, problems relaxing, and so on, discover whether CBD helps for yourself! We focus on high-quality CBD oils and related products and love to hear from our loyal customers about how their health and wellbeing have been enhanced using our CBD products. 

Pay us a visit in-person at 5144 Madison Avenue, Suite 5 from 10 am–6 pm Monday through Friday, 10 am–5 pm on Saturdays, and 12 pm–5 pm on Sundays. We also make deliveries! Feel free to call us at (317) 961-0191 or email us at info@indycbdplus.com with your questions or concerns.

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Is CBD Safe and Effective?

The number of people who have tried cannabidiol (CBD) products is growing, and many are finding CBD to be both safe and effective for addressing a number of different health and wellness challenges they face. Many more people would probably give CBD products a try if they knew there was more regulation in terms of quality control or had more evidence of CBD effectiveness. The two-fold question the industry as a whole needs to take seriously and address with evidence-based information is this: Is CBD Safe and Effective? You’ll find our answer to this question below. 

What Exactly is CBD?

The terminology you see in the media and on the internet can be confusing. There’s cannabis, hemp, medical marijuana, and cannabidiol (CBD), and other related terms that are enough to make your head spin. The important thing to know is that CBD is an extract from cannabis plants, and the amount of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol, which is the cannabinoid in the plant resulting in a “high”) can be controlled in various cultivars so there’s no danger of getting “high.” Products containing CBD are available in a wide range, including CBD oil and all kinds of food and beverage products as well as dietary supplements.

Why People Are Using CBD Products

The reason people are consuming CBD oil and other products is that they find them helpful in the treatment and management of a variety of health and wellness challenges, including pain, anxiety, PTSD, insomnia, nausea control, stress, and appetite stimulation. There is also one brand-name drug, Epidiolex, that has been approved at the federal level for the treatment of epilepsy-type seizures caused by certain medical conditions. This is important because some of the worst seizure conditions in children such as Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) often don’t respond to other anti-seizure medications. 

There are, of course, some companies out there making outlandish claims about what their CBD products can do, such as claiming effectiveness in the treatment of medical conditions such as fibromyalgia, Alzheimer’s disease, and even cancer. Until the federal government steps in to more adequately address the marketing and sale of CBD products, consumers have to use their own best judgment about such claims.

Is CBD Even Legal?

Hemp was made legal at the federal level in the Farm Bill of 2018, and Indiana followed suit that same year. THC and Marijuana, on the other hand, are still considered Schedule I controlled substances by the federal government. But the federal government has been dragging its feet on coming up with a regulatory framework specific to CBD products.

Because of the lack of coherent federal guidance, it’s up to each state to determine the legality of CBD products. In the state of Indiana, CBD oil was made legal in 2018 as long as its THC levels are 0.3 percent or less. Retailers selling CBD oil must have a certificate showing their products meet the legal threshold for THC. What’s most needed now in the industry is for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to step up with a reasonable regulatory framework that will help ensure consumer safety is being protected from poor-quality products being marketed with outlandish claims for the treatment of serious medical conditions. For more information on the legal and regulatory issues around CBD, see our recent blog article, National CBD Rules from the Federal Government.

An Overview of the Scientific Evidence About CBD

There need to be many more studies for CBD to gain more traction among consumers in order for them to be able to answer the question of whether or not CBD is safe and effective, but here are some of what we think are important items to highlight:

Pain and Anti-Inflammatory. A 2018 Harvard Health Blog article noted the following: “A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal model, CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. More study in humans is needed in this area to substantiate the claims of CBD proponents about pain control.”

Side Effects. As important as evidence around treating various medical conditions is understanding any potential side effects. That same Harvard Health Blog article mentioned above had this to say about side effects: “Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue, and irritability. CBD can increase the level in your blood of the blood thinner coumadin, and it can raise levels of certain other medications in your blood by the exact same mechanism that grapefruit juice does.” Clearly, more studies are needed to clarify possible side effects and especially how CBD interacts with other medications. If you’re considering using CBD products and you do take other medications, we strongly recommend checking first with your doctor.

Drug Addiction. According to an article on the Northwestern Medicine website, there are some early promising possibilities for helping those trying to recover from drug addiction: “Due to its inhibitory effect, CBD oil may help manage triggers for cravings and anxiety in people who use heroin…Some research has found that men and women using CBD oil experienced reduced cravings in drug-abstinent individuals. In a short-term study, 42 patients taking CBD oil reported reduced cravings for up to one week after their dose of CBD…suggesting that CBD oil could be a powerful tool in helping individuals seeking help for addiction.”

Chronic Pain. There is plenty of anecdotal evidence about people finding pain relief with CBD products, but scientific studies have yet to catch up to confirm CBD’s efficacy for treating pain. As one recent overview in Current Pain and Headache Reports puts it: “Since there are currently no approved pharmaceutical products that contain CBD alone for the management of pain, this review focused on nabiximols (which is a combined product of THC/CBD in a 1:1 ratio) as the only pharmaceutical product available that contains CBD and is being used for the management of pain. It is difficult to definitely attribute the therapeutic properties to CBD alone since it is always administered with THC. Based on the available literature, it is difficult to make a recommendation for the use of CBD in chronic pain management. It is also important to note that there are many CBD products currently available as supplements, but these products are non-pharmaceuticals and lack the appropriate clinical studies to support their efficacy claims.”

Is CBD Safe and Effective? The Bottom Line

As of right now, in terms of the scientific evidence, the jury is still out. We can only hope more studies will occur that prove with science the benefits millions of people have already discovered using CBD products: Less stress, anxiety, depression, pain from arthritis and other conditions, insomnia, and drug cravings, and better relaxation and sleep.

The scientific community has its work cut out for itself, especially given the wide range of products used to deliver CBD to a consumer, including oil, capsule, gummy bears, vaping and vaporized, lotion, food, and beverage forms. We also think it’s important to point out that a lack of scientific studies that correlate with anecdotal evidence does not mean CBD is ineffective. It just means more well-designed studies are needed to begin amassing proof of CBD’s effectiveness, along with FDA regulation to ensure retail products are safe in terms of quality and purity. 

Indy CBD Plus: Your Locally Owned and Operated Trusted Source for CBD 

Our mission at Indy CBD Plus is to ensure Hoosiers in and around Indianapolis have a trusted source to explore the many benefits of CBD products. As a locally owned and operated CBD retail outlet, we depend on repeat business from loyal customers. This is why we ensure every product we carry is of the highest quality, offers excellent customer service, and caters to individual needs. 

We’d love to see you at our store! Stop in at 5144 Madison Avenue, Suite 5 from 10 am – 6 pm Monday through Friday, 10 am- 5 pm on Saturdays, and 12 pm – 5 pm on Sundays. And if you can’t make it to the store, don’t worry, we even deliver! Need more information? Got questions? Always feel free to call us at (317) 961-0191 or email us at info@indycbdplus.com.

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National CBD Rules from Federal Government

What are the Federal Government National CBD Rules?

For years, it has been up to each state to determine its own approach to rules applied to cannabidiol (CBD). Recently, however, regulations have been brewing at the federal level. In this article, we’ll explain what we know about these regulations as of now, with the caveat that this is a rapidly changing environment.

The Rise of the CBD Market

As laws related to the sale, possession, and use of marijuana continue to loosen up across the nation, products derived from the cannabis plant such as CBD have become more widely available. The big break that enabled the CBD market was the Farm Bill of 2018, which stopped the classification of hemp and its derivative products as controlled substances.

Many say the CBD market is “blowing up,” and while many have noticed CBD shops popping up in cities and towns everywhere, it’s worth remembering that only 17% of the U.S. population have ever tried a cannabidiol product, and an even smaller percentage are regular users. But it’s also true that those figures are on the rise as more people discover how they can safely find relief with CBD products, including pain relief, relaxation for stress relief, and better sleep.

The range of CBD products is also rapidly growing. It includes oils, juices, lotions, and gummies. Well-known brands such as Arizona Iced Tea and Ben & Jerry’s are testing whether and how to add it into their products. When you look at total sales of CBD products being well north of $13 billion, it becomes clear that the CBD market is now just too big to ignore. Unfortunately, more than one Washington DC agency is getting involved in creating federal government national CBD rules, which can make things confusing.

United States Department of Agriculture CBD Rules

The federal government of the United States agency that’s furthest along in creating CBD regulations is the Department of Agriculture (USDA). Back in October 2019 the Federal Register included draft interim final rules concerning hemp production. The final rules were just published on January 15, 2021. You can see a USDA press release about this, or even read the final rule(s) on the official website of the Federal Register, though we’ll provide a summary below, that takes effect on March 22, 2021.

These USDA rules are the ones that apply to hemp farmers, so they are the agricultural rules that help ensure the base crop is handled properly at the growing stage. One area that is always a concern is how much THC (tetrahydrocannabinol is the psychoactive component of a hemp plant) will be allowed. According to the rule, the base limit is 0.3 percent THC, which is the same limit allowed in Canada and a number of other countries.

How will the USDA verify that hemp produced by farmers is below the legal threshold of 0.3 percent THC? A sample of the hemp must be delivered and tested at a registered Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) laboratory within 30 days before harvesting begins. The problem here, of course, is that there aren’t a lot of places where this testing can take place. For this reason, enforcement of this 30-day test-before-harvest for THC compliance aspect of the rules won’t be fully implemented by the DEA until December 31, 2022. There is also considerable leeway in how the sampling is done and which part of the plant is used in samples.

When a sample is tested and is found to be above the 0.3 percent THC threshold, it could be designated “negligent,” in which case the crop in violation would have to be destroyed. Two aspects about this have been tweaked in the final rule. First, the USDA has built in some leeway. As long as a given batch has less than 1% THC, it won’t be considered negligent. This additional flexibility is welcomed by hemp growers. Secondly, it used to be that non-compliant hemp crops had to be disposed or remediated by a government official from a federal agency such as the DEA, but in the final rule, growers themselves are allowed to dispose of the non-compliant crop through burning, composting, or burial.

Food and Drug Administration CBD Rules

While the USDA rules cover how hemp crops are grown, it will be the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that comes up with rules to regulate the marketing and sale of CBD products intended for consumers. As more people discover or become interested in learning more about how CBD products can be used for a variety of health benefits and therapeutic properties (relaxation, stress relief, pain relief, better sleep, nausea control, appetite stimulation), they also want to know the products are both safe and effective.

Currently, the FDA does not regulate the marketing of CBD products, which means some pretty outlandish claims are being made about the wide-ranging benefits of CBD. Companies that make medical claims do put themselves in the regulatory crosshairs of the FDA, which has already issued warnings to some companies. FDA regulation could stop a lot of the misinformation about CBD products from bad actors who are currently taking advantage of consumers with subpar products that are neither safe nor effective.

The FDA situation is both curious and frustrating for those in the CBD market seeking clarification on how to make, market, and sell CBD products. The FDA does have regulatory jurisdiction over CBD because it is considered an active ingredient in the FDA-approved seizure drug Epidolex, but it has yet to establish broad regulations for other CBD products. What it can and does do in the meantime is combat what it considers false health claims by some companies who offer their CBD products as a treatment option for drug addiction, fibromyalgia, Alzheimer’s disease, and even cancer.

As far as the FDA is concerned, all CBD products meant to be consumed by people are essentially illegal at the federal level until they come up rules and regulations. This effectively shifts responsibility to state and local governments, which vary widely in how they’re handling CBD products. For the most part, there’s little to no enforcement of CBD products illegality, especially if the product has no TCH or very little.

The FDA had started on the draft guidance that it submitted to the Office of Management and Budget last July, but this has since been withdrawn as of late January. Why? The Biden administration put a freeze on all pending regulations because it wants to do a full review of everything to make sure all such rules are in line with its policy goals and priorities. While CBD companies want clarity, many are glad whatever the FDA was working on has been at least delayed. After all, the FDA could have easily just declared that CBD would not be allowed in any edible products whatsoever, which would be a disaster for the growing industry.

One thing that could move things forward is legislation by Congress. There is a bill that has been introduced in the House of Representatives to “make hemp, cannabidiol derived from hemp, and any other ingredient derived from hemp lawful for use under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act as an ingredient in a dietary supplement, and for other purposes.” This bill was first introduced in 2020 but never came to a vote but has been reintroduced in February of 2021. It’s H.R. 8179, the Hemp and Hemp-Derived CBD Consumer Protection and Market Stabilization Act of 2020.

What’s the status of CBD oil and other CBD products in Indiana? Indiana is extremely conservative when it comes to marijuana, cannabis, and hemp in all forms. Legislation that took effect in July 2017 allowed for CBD oil to be used in the treatment of those with resistant seizure conditions—a very small step in the right direction. In November of 2017 when Curtis Hill was Attorney General for the state, he noted that as far as state and federal laws were concerned, any product or substance containing cannabidiol is unlawful in Indiana. State laws were very clear in designating CBD as a Schedule I controlled substance in spite of the limited use of CBD oil to treat some patients with uncontrollable seizures.

Then in 2018 the federal Farm Bill came along and legalized industrial hemp in states that submit a hemp plan to the USDA for approval. Indiana submitted a hemp plan, and it was approved. Hemp production and processing in Indiana is regulated by the Office of the Indiana State Chemist (OISC). The hemp has to come in under the legal threshold for THC, but OISC notes it has no legal authority over hemp-derived CBD consumer products.

In February 2018, the Indiana legislature passed a bill legalizing CBD oil in Indiana. It was signed into law by the governor in March of that year and took effect in July. Any such low THC hemp extract must contain no more than 0.3 percent of delta-9 THC. Merchants retailing CBD oil must have a certificate showing their products meet the legal threshold for THC. Smokable hemp flowers have been an ongoing matter of debate because law enforcement claims they can’t easily distinguish marijuana from hemp. New legislation has been introduced to legalize smokable hemp flowers and create an open container law for cannabis.

The Pros and Cons of National CBD Rules from the Federal Government

These new and still-emerging rules regarding hemp production and CBD have their advantages and disadvantages. Up until this point, the CBD market has been a kind of “Wild West” situation where anything goes, which doesn’t inspire confidence on the part of consumers that the products are regulated for consumer safety. Consumers need to know that the CBD products they buy or would like to buy are safe and don’t contain ingredients or chemicals or toxins that might harm them.

The problem with regulation is that it comes at a cost to every producer, whether those are industrial hemp growers or CBD product manufacturers and retailers. Money must be spent on compliance practices, which could hold the market back at a time when financing is already difficult to obtain.

Without clear national CBD rules from the federal government, the result can be a confusing, debilitating maze of regulations that vary by state and even locale. This makes compliance next to impossible for producers who have to figure out what rules apply to them in each state or even specific municipalities. National rules take the guesswork out of compliance in a way that allows the market to grow within clearly defined parameters. The USDA rule covering the hemp industry was an important step in the right direction. If the FDA follows suit and creates reasonable safety and marketing regulations for CBD products, then the CBD market can continue to grow within a framework consumers can trust.

At Indy-CBD we are committed to providing a range of CBD oils and other products to help you achieve better health and optimal well-being. If you have questions about any of our products, please feel free to call us at (317) 961-0191. We’re always happy to assist you in any way we can!

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Do you have CBG?

Have you heard of CBG? If you have not then you need to stop in or call the store to talk about the studies on CBG. It has many positive qualities and can benefit so many people in so many different ways. There are many new studies on CBG. One is the CBG White Paper by HempTown USA. They are really leading the way in this CBG craze. 2020 is going to be the year of CBG and to get seeds they are only $1 but the minimum is 5k seeds per order. Interested in growing CBG? Interested in trying CBG? Come into the store, send an email or call us up! 3179610191 is the store number and it is attached to a cellular device so you can send pictures and links for any CBD question. Hope this helps a little with the CBG news. Oh, and if you need raw materials we can do that too! CBG distillate anyone?!

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Convient store CBD…

We all see it. CBD being sold at gas stations, video stores, dollar stores and even auto parts stores. It is shocking but it isn’t at the same time. America is built on the dream. The dream of getting rich and living better than the rest of the world. For that reason we cannot hate on the desire of capitalizing on this booming industry. But we must caution you with this one statement, “You get what you pay for, in this industry.” If it is boasting thousands of mgs of CBD and or no THC at all, it is not the best products already. Whenever there is an absurd amount of CBD printed on the label it is either a bold face lie or it is just common hemp oil. That is just the first thing to be concerned with…next is that the person selling it to you has no idea what and why they are selling CBD. They probably do not even take it themselves. And if they do they probably did not buy it there. People usually are exposed to CBD by a friend or family member when they are explaing how much CBD has helped them change their life. That recommendation was to either a website or a local CBD store. If it is the web, then your referral is probably a good one but maybe you can find that same product locally. If you can’t maybe someone will order it for you specially? Website orders are nice and easy. But it just lacks the conversation and abilities to sample and read all the labels. Now, after you have been taking CBD for some time and have done the research you can sometimes jump into a CVS and pickup your Charlotte’s Web but in a THC free form, still not the best. But you can get by if that is what you need. Some stores have their own website for convenience. We offer free shipping and same day processing. We can usually get it shipped the same day. So, I think we are seeing a solution to all of your CBD needs. Find a local store that knows what is best and has a website so you can order from the convenience of your home or office, right from the phone or laptop. Build a relationship with that store and it’s staff. This way you will always be up to date on product knowledge and industry standards. Plus, they will probably offer discounts that the major players will not offer. Shop small and shop local with a local CBD expert. Oh, and if they do not have CBG, CBN or THCv then they might be a little behind. See you soon! #indycbd

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Flower or Oils?

Everyone is wanting to smoke hemp flower these days. We definitely offer some options in store but we do not think that it is the best approach for treating symptoms long term. Lets go over the pros and cons of smoking flower versus ingesting the CBD/CBG oils. We will start with flower…

Flower is definitely a full spectrum product, which means that it is going to have all of the cannabinoids that naturally occur in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoid examples are CBD, CBDA, CBDV. CBG, CBGA, THC, THCA, THCV, and that is just some of the few that we are currently aware of today. There are supposedly more than 100 cannabinoids currently discovered. Smoking flower is one of the fastest ways to get the cannabinoids into your blood stream and it is the method of the least waste. But with burning plant material it involves inhaling heat and carbons. There are dry vape options that are safer than rolling your own or using some device to burn the flower. Now, with smoking it is efficient and the onset time is immediate but that also means  that the exit is going to be faster than many other options in the store.  Now lets move onto the CBD/CBG oils.

CBD/CBG oils are categorized into 3 types. Full spectrum, broad spectrum and isolates. Each one has it’s own benefits as well and more or less are a perfect fit for the certain type of customer treating certain symptoms and maybe they cannot test positive for THC. Now, the full spectrum oils do not technically have all the cannabinoids within the oil. Well, isn’t that confusing? When the cannabis/hemp is processed through the extractors you naturally lose some of the cannabinoids and that is just how it works. Broad spectrum means that it has at least 2 cannabinoids, terpenes and no THC. Isolate CBD is just plain 99.9% CBD and nothing else. Mother Nature prefers the full spectrum oils as that it is how it was intended but some employers and people are subject to drug screens so you have something for everyone. The oils are administered underneath the tongue and they are absorbed by the sublingual glands that take the CBD to the blood stream. It can take 30 seconds up to a minute and a half to be fully absorbed. You can swallow the oil and if it is made with certain carrier oils it will be absorbed in the GI tract. It can be effective all day and the onset can be as quick as instant to 3 minutes. Depends on the person. Of course none of this has been proven by the FDA, so you should consult a physician first.

Now that we have discussed and looked at some of the pros and cons to flower versus oils, what do you think? Do you have more questions? We always go with an oil or capsule first and then accompany our CBD oil with a topical, vape or edible product. Smoking can be included but it is not great to inhale burning material. But these are our opinions and that does not mean we are the most correct or that we do not welcome flower customers into the store. We just wanna find what method is best for your symptoms, which is what you came in to do anyway. If you have any CBD, CBG or CBN questions or any other cannabinoid you can reach us in email at indycbdplus@gmail.com and you can call or text us at 3179610191. Have a great day!

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Cannabinoid Education

How much do you know about CBD? Ever heard of CBG? You probably know some things about THC, but probably not the medical parts? Would you like to know more? Would you come to the store for free education and training? We can equip you with the right information to buy the right CBD products for you and your family. After you get all this knowledge, you can use it when you travel out of town and then some day you can make your own products. That is when you have really gotten the value out of our continued education and cannabinoid discussions. We are open 7 days a week so that everyone has a chance to get in the door. Along with our free education we also are going to have you sample some of the leading products in the country. The education and the samples are the 2 most important things in running a high-quality CBD store. It is not about how pretty your store is or the influencer behind the brand. It is solely about the value of the business and the community that it is operating in. If you wanna get more value out of your CBD experience, visit Indy CBD Plus today!